Pitigliano (Grosseto) appears to the visitor in a scenery from fable bossily rising on a ridge of a promontory of suggestive and wild beauty, delimited from green valleys ploughed by the rivers Lens and Meleta. The tall walls of tufo, opened from thousand caverns and from house-towers, they typically underline the pittoricismo of an urbanism medioevale. The houses, you build above a drum tufaceo in the same vertical of the precipice, the surrounded one they make almost superfluous of the boundaries even if they there was room for beautiful military structures as the fourteenth-century building of the Orsinis.
The country jealously preserves the memoirs of his ancient past, the testimonies of its civilizations and their cultures that succedutes are him in the centuries: that prehistoric with the recoveries of the eneolitico rinaldiano; that etrusca with the graves recovered in the surrounding territory or along the surrounded building; that Roman that has left trace in the name that reveals the origin from the ancient Gens Petilia; that medioevale of the Aldobrandeschis, the gentlemen of the Maremma for around half millennium; the Renaissance greatness of the noble Roman family of the Orsinis; and, after a brief presence senese, the Physicians and their heirs Lorena that promoted a notable urbanistic development and they stimulated an important phase of modernization. The magic and the charm of Pitigliano are tasted admiring her numerous ancient houses that compose, walking along the old roads and, above all, visiting the famous Jewish ghetto.
The splendid suburb is in fact past to the history as her “Small Gerusalemme”per the numerous and active Jewish community that from the XV sec was established you. Today, after important works of recovery, it is available for the cult and the Synagogue is visitable; it can also be visited the Jewish Cemetery, the oven where bread was cooked azimo, the wine cellar dug in the tufo where wine was produced kasher, the butchery kasher, the bath of purification for the women and the tintoria. The wealth of its past has also been handed down in the luxuriant production vinicola.
The vineyards, in fact, enriched by the volcanic tufo and by an old humus of millennia, they produce one of the more appreciated Italian white wines that it is imposed for quality: the “White of Pitigliano”, among the first wines to be recognized DOC. Characteristics are the caves and the graves etrusche dug in the tufo, some of which as wine cellars are used for the maintenance and seasoning of the wines. The same is able well to tell him some production of the extraordinary oil of olive, drawn by the spremitura to cold that, approached with the wine, the typical dishes it makes still savory pitiglianesi. Besides varied demonstrations enogastronomiche, every year is organized, the March 19, her “Torciata of St. Joseph”: to evening, a group of men dressed with a saio they bring in shoulder you bandage of turned on reeds, from the street it Extracts to the plaza of the country where that are burnt together to a puppet that represents the ”Invernaccio”, resulting in an extremely suggestive show. In the last week of August it takes place the “Petilia Festival”: the enchantment of the places, the wine, the music… a wise abbinamento of shows, concerts and tastings, ambientati in the characteristic places of the country. In the first week of December an interesting is organized “international Show of documentary cinema.”